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美空軍評估:F-35部署中東指日可待

美國空軍可望在數年內將F-35A投入中東地區,進行各項與反恐戰爭相關任務。
(取自美國空軍網站)
美國空軍可望在數年內將F-35A投入中東地區,進行各項與反恐戰爭相關任務。 (取自美國空軍網站)

◎王柏文

 The U.S. Air Force will deploy the F-35A to fight the Islamic State group in the Middle East in the "not too distant future," potentially a few years down the road, the outgoing head of Air Combat Command said Friday.

 即將離任的美國空軍作戰司令週五表示,為了在中東地區打擊「伊斯蘭國」(IS),F-35A戰機在「不遠的將來」、或許在幾年內就會部署於該地區。

 "The Middle East deployment isn't imminent, it's planned for a few years out," Gen. Herbert "Hawk" Carlisle told reporters, noting that the service expects to send small detachments of F-35s to Europe and the Asia-Pacific region first, maybe as soon as this spring.

 「獵鷹」卡萊爾上將向記者表示,「在中東地區的部署計畫不會在短期內實施,而是數年之後」,同時指出空軍將優先派遣少數F-35戰機前往歐洲以及亞太地區,可能在今年春季就會進行。

 But the Air Force is already discussing the aircraft's first deployment to Central Command, where its situational awareness and sensor fusion capabilities could greatly help U.S. air assets conducting strikes in Iraq and Syria, he said. Specifically, the F-35s could prove beneficial in and decreasing the risk of collisions with Russian aircraft and spotting surface-to-air threats.

 但他表示,空軍目前也正就F-35戰機首度部署至中央司令部所轄區域進行討論,其掌握戰場情勢、感測器融合能力,對美軍在伊拉克與敘利亞進行打擊任務有莫大助益,尤其能夠大幅降低與俄羅斯軍機發生衝突的機率,並且能偵知來自地面的威脅。

 "If you look at portions of Syria, it's a pretty dense surface-to-air threat inside that arena," he said. Both the Russian and Syrian militaries have stationed active surface-to-air missile systems inside the country to protect important facilities and assets.

 卡萊爾表示,「如果細看敘利亞,就能發現這是個地面威脅十分密集的區域」。包括俄羅斯以及敘利亞軍方,為了維護重要設施以及資產,都在當地部署了可觀的防空系統。

 The F-35 is still undergoing its development phase, with full combat capability slated for 2018 when its Block 3F software becomes available. At that point, the aircraft will be able to carry a full suite of weapons, including external stores, and have greater functionality with its logistics system. However, Carlisle said the Air Force has not decided whether the Middle East deployment will consist of 3F jets or 3I, the F-35 iteration currently in use.

 仍在研發階段的F-35,完整的戰鬥能力要等待2018年版本號3F的軟體完成後才能施展,目前F-35已能搭載全套武器系統,包括外部支援裝備,並在後勤系統支援下能發揮更佳的表現。然而,卡萊爾表示目前空軍尚未決定部署於中東地區的,是使用3F版本軟體的F-35,或是空軍目前正在使用、搭載3I版本軟體的機種。

 The F-35 would be the second stealth fighter sent to battle ISIS. The F-22 has conducted periodic deployments to the Middle East for airstrikes against the militant group, dynamic targeting and enhanced situational awareness. Carlisle imagines the F-35 would eventually play a similar role.

 若F-35前往中東,將成為第二種被投入反IS戰爭的匿蹤戰機。在此之前,F-22已定期前往該地執行針對極端組織的空襲、動態監控以及戰場偵知等任務,而卡萊爾認為F-35也將肩負起類似的任務。

 But first, a "theater security package" of F-35As will likely be sent to Europe and the Asia Pacific sometime this year. That experience will help the Air Force learn whether the jet is ready to deploy in battle, whether the newest 3F jets will need to be deployed and whether the F-35 maintenance and logistics infrastructure is mature enough to support operations. Carlisle also noted that the Air Force is still working on the F-35's mission data files, which provide information about threats. 

 但首先,作為「戰區安全方案」的F-35A將可能在今年被派往歐洲以及亞太地區,藉著這些任務經驗,美國空軍將能判定F-35是否已具備可在戰場部署的能力、是否有必要部署搭載3F版本軟體的機種,以及F-35保修與後勤能量是否已經夠成熟,能支持其進行任務。卡萊爾也強調空軍仍持續蒐集F-35的任務資料,藉此分析威脅何在。

 But with aircraft availability a continued difficulty for the service, a CENTCOM deployment will happen sooner rather than later, the outgoing ACC head said. 

 即將卸任的卡萊爾表示,在戰機數量持續成為空軍課題的情況下,F-35前往中東的時程只會提早,不會延遲。

 "Capacity right now is a challenge for us. So everything I have that's operational is going to rotate through the [area of responsibility]," he said.

 他指出,「作戰能量現在已成為我們的一項挑戰,因此手上能夠運作的資源,都將會在各戰區之間輪調」。

(譯自Breaking Defense網站)

友善列印

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