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國防焦點

【2月17日】看軍聞學英語

作者:刀客

原文:

 The Navy is forging ahead with a plan to build a 355-ship fleet, but its construction budget for new warships is set to fall significantly in 2021.

 The Navy's shipbuilding budget would, then, fall to $16.4 billion to buy eight vessels, down from $22 billion last year for 12 new ships. The decrease raises questions about how the service will get to its planned fleet size of 355 if it's building fewer ships than last year.

 Navy and Marine Corps leaders are completing a force-structure assessment that will lay out a path for the new fleet size. They have said that number is likely to top 355 ships, but could include smaller, lightly manned ships that can be built more quickly and cheaply than today's fleet of vessels.

中譯:

 美海軍正積極推動打造1支擁有355艘艦艇之艦隊的計畫,但新造戰艦工程預算,恐在2021年大幅縮減。

 海軍去年以220億美元,籌購12艘新艦艇的造艦預算,屆時將降至164億美元,只能籌購8艘艦艇。預算縮減所引發的問題,就是海軍如何在造艦數量比去年還少的情況下,依計畫達成籌獲355艘艦艇的艦隊規模。

 海軍和陸戰隊高層即將完成1份得以達成新艦隊規模目標的兵力結構評估。他們曾提到,艦隊的艦艇數量,可能會超過355艘,但可能會包括體積更小、載人量小的艦艇,建造速度和成本都將比現有的艦隊更快、更便宜。

-關鍵軍語-

※fleet:

 A large formation of warships.

 ※force-structure:

 The combat-capable part of a military organisation.

例句:

 The adaptability of any force's force structure is usually tested in wartime to reflect changing nature of warfare.

 通常在戰時,才能測試出部隊兵力結構能否肆應戰爭的恆變本質。

友善列印

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