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2022/01/21 

國防焦點

【1月21日】看軍聞學英語
(達志影像/歐新社資料照片)

■刀客

原文:

 Iran, which long has said it does not seek nuclear weapons, maintains its satellite launches and rocket tests do not have a military component. Tehran also says it hasn't violated the U.N. resolution as it only "called upon" Tehran not to conduct such tests.

 But the possible launch also comes as tensions again rise over Iran's nuclear program. Since Trump unilaterally withdrew America from Tehran's nuclear accord with world powers in 2018, Iran slowly abandoned all the limits the deal put on its program.

 Today, Tehran enriches uranium up to 60% purity -a short technical step from weapons-grade levels of 90%. Its stockpile of enriched uranium also continues to grow and international inspectors face challenges in monitoring its advances.

 Lewis said he expects to see the space program accelerate given Raisi's interest. "They're not constrained by worries about the Iran deal in the same way that Rouhani was," he said.

中譯:

 長期以來,伊朗均表示不會試圖發展核武,堅稱其衛星發射與火箭測試,不具軍事成分。德黑蘭還表示,伊朗並未違反聯合國決議,因為該決議只是「呼籲」伊朗當局勿進行此類測試。

 但緊張局勢因伊朗核計畫,再次升溫,衛星發射也可能隨之而來。自川普於2018年單方面讓美國退出德黑蘭與世界大國的核協議以來,伊朗慢慢地背離該協議加諸在其核計畫的所有限制。

 目前,德黑蘭能將鈾濃縮成高達60%的純度,距90%武器等級水準,技術上僅幾步之遙。其濃縮鈾的存量亦持續增長,而國際檢查員對濃縮鈾進展的監督,也面臨諸多挑戰。

 路易斯表示,有鑑於萊希總統對此之關切,可預見伊朗會加速太空計畫。他並指出,他們不會像魯哈尼那樣,因對伊朗的核協議有所顧慮,而受到束縛。(第12篇/共12篇)

─關鍵※enrich:

 To make rich or richer especially by the addition or increase of some desirable quality, attribute, or ingredient.

 ※rocket:

 A missile containing explosive that is powered by gas.

例句:

 The Iron Dome was specially designed to help combat shorter-range rudimentary weapons like the rockets fired from Gaza.

 「鐵穹」專用於協力打擊如加薩所發射的火箭彈等各式初階短程武器。軍語─

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